Working with Uploaded Files

CodeIgniter makes working with files uploaded through a form much simpler and more secure than using PHP’s $_FILES array directly. This extends the File class and thus gains all of the features of that class.

Note

This is not the same as the File Uploading class in previous versions of CodeIgniter. This provides a raw interface to the uploaded files with a few small features. An uploader class will be present in the final release.

Accessing Files

All Files

When you upload files they can be accessed natively in PHP through the $_FILES superglobal. This array has some major shortcomings when working with multiple files uploaded at once, and has potential security flaws many developers are not aware of. CodeIgniter helps with both of these situations by standardizing your usage of files behind a common interface.

Files are accessed through the current IncomingRequest instance. To retrieve all files that were uploaded with this request, use getFiles(). This will return an array of files represented by instances of CodeIgniter\HTTP\Files\UploadedFile:

$files = $this->request->getFiles();

Of course, there are multiple ways to name the file input, and anything but the simplest can create strange results. The array returns in a manner that you would expect. With the simplest usage, a single file might be submitted like:

<input type="file" name="avatar" />

Which would return a simple array like:

[
        'avatar' => // UploadedFile instance
]

If you used an array notation for the name, the input would look something like:

<input type="file" name="my-form[details][avatar]" />

The array returned by getFiles() would look more like this:

[
        'my-form' => [
                'details' => [
                        'avatar' => // UploadedFile instance
                ]
        ]
]

In some cases, you may specify an array of files to upload:

Upload an avatar: <input type="file" name="my-form[details][avatars][]" />
Upload an avatar: <input type="file" name="my-form[details][avatars][]" />

In this case, the returned array of files would be more like:

[
        'my-form' => [
                'details' => [
                        'avatar' => [
                                0 => /* UploadedFile instance */,
                                1 => /* UploadedFile instance */
                ]
        ]
]

Single File

If you just need to access a single file, you can use getFile() to retrieve the file instance directly. This will return an instance of CodeIgniter\HTTP\Files\UploadedFile:

Simplest usage

With the simplest usage, a single file might be submitted like:

<input type="file" name="userfile" />

Which would return a simple file instance like:

$file = $this->request->getFile('userfile');

Array notation

If you used an array notation for the name, the input would look something like:

<input type="file" name="my-form[details][avatar]" />

For get the file instance:

$file = $this->request->getFile('my-form.details.avatar');

Multiple files

<input type=”file” name=”images[]” multiple />
In controller::

if($imagefile = $this->request->getFiles()) {

foreach($imagefile[‘images’] as $Im) {

if ($im->isValid() && ! $im->hasMoved()) {

$newName = $img->getRandomName(); $img->move(WRITEPATH.’uploads’, $newName);

}

}

}

where the images is loop is from the form field name

If there are multiple files with the same name you can use getFile() ro retrieve every file individually:: In controller:

$file1 = $this->request->getFile('images.0');
$file2 = $this->request->getFile('images.1');

Another example:

Upload an avatar: <input type="file" name="my-form[details][avatars][]" />
Upload an avatar: <input type="file" name="my-form[details][avatars][]" />

In controller:

$file1 = $this->request->getFile('my-form.details.avatars.0');
$file2 = $this->request->getFile('my-form.details.avatars.1');

Note

using getFiles() is more appropriate

Working With the File

Once you’ve retrieved the UploadedFile instance, you can retrieve information about the file in safe ways, as well as move the file to a new location.

Verify A File

You can check that a file was actually uploaded via HTTP with no errors by calling the isValid() method:

if (! $file->isValid())
{
        throw new RuntimeException($file->getErrorString().'('.$file->getError().')');
}

As seen in this example, if a file had an upload error, you can retrieve the error code (an integer) and the error message with the getError() and getErrorString() methods. The following errors can be discovered through this method:

  • The file exceeds your upload_max_filesize ini directive.
  • The file exceeds the upload limit defined in your form.
  • The file was only partially uploaded.
  • No file was uploaded.
  • The file could not be written on disk.
  • File could not be uploaded: missing temporary directory.
  • File upload was stopped by a PHP extension.

File Names

getName()

You can retrieve the original filename provided by the client with the getName() method. This will typically be the filename sent by the client, and should not be trusted. If the file has been moved, this will return the final name of the moved file:

$name = $file->getName();

getClientName()

Always returns the original name of the uploaded file as sent by the client, even if the file has been moved:

$originalName = $file->getClientName();

getTempName()

To get the full path of the temp file that was created during the upload, you can use the getTempName() method:

$tempfile = $file->getTempName();

Other File Info

getClientExtension()

Returns the original file extension, based on the file name that was uploaded. This is NOT a trusted source. For a trusted version, use getExtension() instead:

$ext = $file->getClientExtension();

getClientType()

Returns the mime type (mime type) of the file as provided by the client. This is NOT a trusted value. For a trusted version, use getType() instead:

$type = $file->getClientType();

echo $type; // image/png

Moving Files

Each file can be moved to its new location with the aptly named move() method. This takes the directory to move the file to as the first parameter:

$file->move(WRITEPATH.'uploads');

By default, the original filename was used. You can specify a new filename by passing it as the second parameter:

$newName = $file->getRandomName();
$file->move(WRITEPATH.'uploads', $newName);

Once the file has been removed the temporary file is deleted. You can check if a file has been moved already with the hasMoved() method, which returns a boolean:

if ($file->isValid() && ! $file->hasMoved())
{
    $file->move($path);
}